Ritalin Abuse And College Students


Let’s face it, going to college is tough, but when it comes to end-of-semester examinations, term papers and other projects, there just don’t seem to be enough hours in a day or week. That’s why and increasing number of college students and even high schoolers preparing for ACT or SAT tests to get into universities are turning to prescription stimulants to help them stay awake through all-night study and work sessions that can last several consecutive days.

According to drug abuse experts at the University of Florida, undergraduates are taking increasing amounts of prescription stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall, once solely the province of those with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) to boost concentration during peak study times. At commonly prescribed doses, those medications heighten concentration and alertness.

Additionally a 2005 study conducted by the University of Michigan revealed that at the time 10% of college students illegally used stimulants for this purpose, obtaining the drugs by either conning prescriptions from physicians or by getting them from friends who had legal prescriptions. Experts believe the situation is becoming worse because the pills are inexpensive and widely available.

Dr. Scott Teitelbaum, medical director of the Florida Recovery Center at UF, indicates that most students use stimulants to improve their performance, but taking them won’t make up for slacking during a semester. Teitelbaum noted that most students who take illicit stimulants actually perform worse, most likely because the need for the drug reflects the reality of being behind in their studies.

Ritalin boosts the central nervous system to create feelings of alertness. The drug is structurally close to cocaine, but does not produced the same level of alertness. Unlike cocaine, Ritalin is cheap because the price is generally only a prescription copay.

Prescription abuse is rising among teens and young adults surpassing such drugs as crack and cocaine, heroin and meth abuse, according to the Partnership for a Drug-Free America.

Although many students consider this a “safe” method of staying awake, doctors indicate that this assumption is necessarily true as some take higher doses than recommended. When this occurs, the risk of neurological and heart-related complications can increase. Higher doses may result in irregular heartbeat or hyperthermia.

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What Is The Difference Between Sativa And Indica Marijuana?


Many people are unaware that different marijuana types have different effects on the body. As with any other plant, cannabis strains are categorized according to a variety of characteristics. The categories used to classify marijuana include geographical origin, flowering time, yield, structure, flavor and effects.

Sativa and indica are useful in treating people with a variety of heath issues but they manage different symptoms. Terpenes and cannabinoids are the two compounds in cannabis responsible for influencing the plant’s effect on the body. CBD and THC are cannabinoids with unique molecular structures and medical benefits. Terpenes have their own effects and at the same time, regulate the effects of cannabinoids.

Sativas thrive outdoors. They are believed to have originated near the equator between 0 and 30 degrees latitude in locations with variable weather. The plant is tall and thin and the flowering time is longer than that of indica strains. The effect on the brain is generally uplifting and energizing. People tend to use it to spark creative thought and to help with symptoms associated with attention deficit disorder, mood disorders, depression and fatigue. Many people prefer to use it early in the day.
Indica plants are short and bushy with a shorter flowering time. This strain is believed to have come originally from an area near Afghanistan called the Hindu Kush region. Because of the harsh climate in this part of the world, indica strains developed a thick resin coating for protection. Indica tends to have a relaxing effect on the entire body rather than affecting just the brain. People use this strain as a mild sedative. It is helpful for people with insomnia, muscle spasms, anxiety, and pain. Some medical patients find indicas can help soothe nausea and increase appetite. This type of marijuana makes users content to just kick back and relax.

Modern growers have discovered effective ways to mix genetics from the two strains to create hybrid plants. The effects tend to mimic those of both strains.

Medical marijuana users find these classifications to be helpful when trying to find something that can eliminate certain symptoms. The classification system has been around since the 18th century but is likely to change as the scientific world conducts more research on marijuana use.

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Early Warning Signs Of Psychosis And Schizophrenia


Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness, typically associated with psychosis. Psychosis is simply the point at which a mental illness detaches the sufferer from reality. Schizophrenia is one of the most debilitating illnesses, and we want to inform you on the early warning signs that you can look for to determine if you may need to see a psychiatrist or other mental care professional.

Schizophrenia is mostly recognized by the presence of voices within the sufferer’s mind, or visions of people, animals, or objects that are not really there. While these are key in diagnosing schizophrenia, it is not always the first sign to be noticed in this mental illness, and Psychosis does not start from the beginning.

One of the most important signs of early Schizophrenia is anti-social behavior. This can include seclusion within a home or room, speaking negatively of people as a whole, feeling anxious and paranoid around other people, or even wishing to harm other people. These symptoms are very serious, and could indicate that the individual may be pre-schizophrenic. While there are other reasons for anti-social behavior, it is when this symptom is in conjunction with others than it is more likely to be Schizophrenia.

Paranoia is another large sign of early Schizophrenia. It can manifest in a large number of ways. This ties in with another symptom: delusions. When a person is paranoid of situations or threats that do not exist, it can easily lead to full psychosis. Fear of the government, spies, devices in the body or home, and as said before, people, are not normal, and should be taken seriously as potential signs of Schizophrenia.

A very strong correlation with Schizophrenia is the inability for the subject to express emotions on the face. The inability to smile appropriately or laugh properly can be indications of future Schizophrenia. As we said before, it the combination of these signs that a possible psychosis can occur.

Insomnia is another sign, and the most common on this list. It is unlikely this is a sign of Schizophrenia, but as we said before, it is in the combination of these signs that Psychosis can occur.

While Schizophrenia is serious and debilitating in most cases, it can be treated. It is important to always note the behaviors of loved ones, and it is important to be informed. A Calming Tide: Drug, Alcohol and Behavioral Resource will always give you quality advice.

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Is Fast Food Addiction Real?

180258510According to new medical studies, fast food addiction is as real as drug addiction. Those who addicted to fast food often have the same trouble as drug addicts do when trying to quit the bad habit. Those addicted to fast food can hide their habits or feel ashamed of their choices.

Our bodies and brains are naturally built to handle natural foods. Water, fruit and vegetables do not cause any influx in our chemistry. Fast food, loaded with sugar and fat, send shock waves to our brain. Just like drugs, fast food is an unnatural substance that our bodies are not built for to handle in large volumes or long periods of time.

Sugar and fat can release dopamine in our brains. Dopamine is what makes us feel good. It also acts as a reward system and can be temporarily energizing. That chocolate shake can certainly put a pep in your step and relax you. While eating fast food once in awhile is not a huge risk, daily indulgence is.

Like drugs, we can become addicted to fast food. Soon we need more chips, a second cheeseburger or an extra helping of dessert to feel normal. Eventually our brains rewire themselves, making the body feel that it needs fast food to survive. Fast food can also become psychologically habit forming. We become used to stopping at our local fast food joint everyday for a quick meal.

Also like drugs, fast food has its harmful and sometimes fatal side effects. Obesity, heart attacks, anxiety and lowered immune system can all be attributed to a poor diet. A diet loaded with sugar and fat, a staple at fast food restaurants.

If you tried to clean up your diet before and failed, it may be a sign that you are addicted to fast food. Quitting cold turkey may be an impossible feat. Just like other addictions, those addicted to fast food need professional help. Therapy and lifestyle changes can help to break this addiction cycle.

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